Rank for Indian Army

Field Marshal

Field marshal (or field marshal, abbreviated as FM) is a five–star general officer rank and the highest attainable rank in the Indian Army.
Field Marshal’s insignia is a national emblem over a crossed baton and Saber in a Lotus Blossom Wreath. Field marshal is equivalent to an admiral of the fleet in the Indian Navy or a marshal of the air force in the Indian Air Force.


A General Officer is an officer of high rank in the army, and in some nations' air forces or marines.[a] The term "general" is used in two ways: as the generic title for all grades of general officer and as a specific rank. It originates in the 16th century, as a shortening of captain general, which rank was taken from Middle French capitaine général. The adjective general had been affixed to officer designations since the late medieval period to indicate relative superiority or an extended jurisdiction.
General’s Insignia is a National emblem over a five-pointed star, all over a crossed baton and Saber.

Lieutenant General

Lieutenant general, lieutenant-general and similar (abbrev Lt Gen, LTG and similar) is a three-star military rank (NATO code OF-8) used in many countries. The rank traces its origins to the Middle Ages, where the title of lieutenant general was held by the second in command on the battlefield, who was normally subordinate to a captain general. In modern armies, lieutenant general normally ranks immediately below general and above major general; it is equivalent to the navy rank of vice admiral, and in air forces with a separate rank structure, it is equivalent to air marshal.

Major general

Major general (abbreviated MG, Maj. Gen. and similar) is a military rank used in many countries. It is derived from the older rank of sergeant major general.
The disappearance of the "sergeant" in the title explains the apparently confusing phenomenon whereby a lieutenant general outranks a major general while a major outranks a lieutenant.


Brigadier /brɪɡəˈdɪər/ is a military rank, the seniority of which depends on the country. In some countries, it is a senior rank above colonel, equivalent to a brigadier general, typically commanding a brigade of several thousand soldiers. In other countries, it is a non-commissioned rank (e.g. Spain, Italy, France, the Netherlands and the Indonesian Police ranks) Brigadier insignia is a National emblem over three five-pointed stars in a triangular formation.


Colonel (abbreviated Col., Col or COL) is a senior military officer rank below the brigadier and general officer ranks. However, in some small military forces, such as those of Monaco or the Vatican, colonel is the highest rank. It is also used in some police forces and paramilitary organizations. Colonel Insignia is National emblem over two five-pointed stars.

Lieutenant colonel

Lieutenant colonel is a rank of commissioned officer in the armies, most marine forces and some air forces of the world, above a major and below a colonel. The rank of lieutenant colonel is often shortened to simply "colonel" in conversation and in unofficial correspondence. Sometimes, the term, 'half-colonel' is used in casual conversation in the British Army. A lieutenant colonel is typically in charge of a battalion in the army. Lieutenant Colonel’s insignia is a national emblem over five-pointed star.


Major is a military rank of commissioned officer status, with corresponding ranks existing in many military forces throughout the world. This rank is obtained On completion of 6 years reckonable commissioned service subject to clearance of Part B exam. Major rank insignia is national emblem.


The army rank of captain (from the French capitaine) is a commissioned officer rank historically corresponding to the command of a company of soldiers. The rank is also used by some air forces and marine forces. Today, a captain is typically either the commander or second-in-command of a company or artillery battery. Captain insignia is three five-pointed stars.


A lieutenant (abbreviated Lt, LT, Lieut and similar) is a junior most commissioned officer in the armed forces, fire services, police and other organizations of many nations. The meaning of lieutenant differs in different military (see comparative military ranks), but is often subdivided into senior (first lieutenant) and junior (second lieutenant and even third lieutenant) ranks. In navies it is often equivalent to the army rank of captain; it may also indicate a particular post rather than a rank. The rank is also used in fire services, emergency medical services, security services and police forces.

Subedar Major

Subedar-major is the senior rank of junior commissioned officer in the Indian and Pakistan Armies, and formerly a Viceroy's commissioned officer in the British Indian Army.


Subedar is a historical rank in the Indian Army and Pakistan Army, ranking below British commissioned officers and above non-commissioned officers.

Naib. Subedar

Junior Commissioned Officer (JCO) is a term describing a group of military ranks found in the Indian Army, Pakistan Army and Nepal Army. Those soldiers holding JCO rank receive a commission from the President.


A havildar or havaldar is a rank in the Indian and Pakistani armies, equivalent to a sergeant. It is not used in cavalry units, where the equivalent is daffadar. Like a British sergeant, a havildar wears three rank chevrons.


Naik (Nk; sometimes historically spelled nayak) is the Indian Army and Pakistan Army rank equivalent to corporal.

Lance naik

Lance naik (L/Nk) is the equivalent rank to lance corporal in the Pakistan, Bangladesh and Indian Armies and before 1947, in the British Indian Army, ranking below naik.In cavalry units the equivalent is acting lance daffadar. Like British lance corporals, each wears a single rank chevron.


A sepoy was formerly the designation given to an Indian soldier. In the modern Nepali, Indian and Pakistani army it remains in use for the rank of private soldier.

Rank for Indian Navy

Admiral of the Fleet

An admiral of the fleet or fleet admiral (sometimes also known as admiral of the navy or grand admiral) is a military naval officer of the highest rank. In many nations the rank is reserved for wartime or ceremonial appointments. It is usually a rank above admiral (which is now usually the highest rank in peace-time for officers in active service), and is often held by the most senior admiral of an entire naval service.


Admiral is one of the highest ranks in some navies, and in many navies is the highest rank. It is usually abbreviated to "Adm" or "ADM". The rank is generally thought to have originated in Sicily from a conflation of Arabic.

Vice Admiral

Vice admiral is a senior naval flag officer rank, equivalent to lieutenant general and air marshal. A vice admiral is typically senior to a rear admiral and junior to an admiral.

Rear Admiral

Rear admiral is a naval commissioned officer rank above that of a commodore (U.S. equivalent of rear admiral lower half) and captain, and below that of a vice admiral. It is generally regarded as the lowest of the "admiral" ranks, which are also sometimes referred to as "flag officers" or "flag ranks". In many navies it is referred to as a two-star rank (OF-7)/(O-7).


Commodore is a naval rank used in many navies that is superior to a navy captain, but below a rear admiral. Non-English-speaking nations often use the rank of flotilla admiral or counter admiral or senior captain as an equivalent, although counter admiral may also correspond to rear admiral.


Captain is the name most often given in English-speaking navies to the rank corresponding to command of the largest ships. The rank is equal to the army rank of colonel.


Commander is a common naval and air force officer rank. Commander is also used as a rank or title in other formal organisations, including several police forces.

Lieutenant Commander

Lieutenant commander is a commissioned officer rank in many navies. The rank is superior to a lieutenant and subordinate to a commander. The corresponding rank in most armies (armed services) and air forces is major, and in the Royal Air Force and other Commonwealth air forces is squadron leader.


Lieutenant (abbreviated Lt, LT, LT(N), Lt(N), Lieut and LEUT, depending on nation) is a commissioned officer rank in many nations' navies. It is typically the most senior of junior officer ranks. The rank's insignia usually consists of two medium gold braid stripes and often the uppermost stripe features an executive curl.


In many navies, a sub-lieutenant is a naval commissioned or subordinate officer, ranking below a lieutenant. In the Royal Navy (RN) the rank of sub-lieutenant is equivalent to the rank of lieutenant in the British Army and of flying officer in the Royal Air Force (RAF).

Rank for Indian Air Force

Marshal of the Air Force

Marshal of the Air Force is the English term for the most senior rank in a number of air forces. The Marshal of the Indian Air Force Arjan Singh, DFC, Padma Vibhushan awardee (born 15 April 1919 as Arjan Singh Aulakh) is the only officer of the Indian Air Force to be promoted to a five-star rank, equal to a Field Marshal, to which he was promoted in 2002. There is no retirement age for this rank.

Air Chief Marshal

This rank is also known as Chief of the Air Staff, he is the professional head and the commander of the Indian Air Force. The position is abbreviated as CAS in the Indian Air Force cables and communication, and is usually held by a four-star air officer of the rank Air Chief Marshal. It is a four star rank in indian air force.The term length of CAS is 3 years or at the age of 62, whichever is earlier.

Air Marshal

This rank is held by the officers who hold very senior appointments of the formation. It is a three-star rank in the Indian Air Force.

Air Vice Marshal

Air Vice-Marshal (AVM) is a two-star air officer rank which originated in and continues to be used by the Royal Air Force. The rank is also used by the air forces of many countries which have historical British influence .

Air Commodore

Air commodore (abbreviated as Air Cdre in the IAF) is a one-star rank and the most junior general rank of the air-officer which originated in and continues to be used by the Royal Air Force.

Group Captain

It is usually abbreviated as Gp Capt. This rank has originated in the British Royal Air Force (RAF).

Wing Commander

It is a commissioned rank equivalent to Lieutenant Colonel in Army and commander in Indian Navy.

Squadron Leader

Squadron Leader (Sqn Ldr in the IAF) is a commissioned rank in the Royal Air Force and the air forces of many countries which have historical British influence.

Flight Lieutenant

Flight Lieutenant (Flt Lt in the RAF and IAF) is a commissioned air force rank that originated in the Royal Naval Air Service and is still used in the Royal Air Force and many other countries, especially in the Commonwealth. It is also sometimes used as the English translation of an equivalent rank in non-English-speaking countries, especially those with an air force-specific rank structure.

Flying Officer

It is rank achieved after getting commissioned into the force from the academy. Flying officer (Fg Off in the IAF) is a junior commissioned rank in the Royal Air Force and the air forces of many countries which have historical British influence.

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